Eczema is a skin condition that causes patches of dry, scaly, extremely itchy skin.
Eczema usually results from a hypersensitivity or allergy that causes inflammation. The inflammation causes the skin to become red, itchy, and scaly.
Eczema causes itchy, dry , red patches of skin. The itching worsens with heat, stress, or abrasions to the areas from scratching.
It is more common in babies and young children. However , older children and adults may also experience eczema.
The patches occur most often behind the knees, in the folds of the elbows and wrists, and on the neck, ankles, and feet. In infants is common to observe that patches may start as a rash on the cheeks of the face. Months later, the rash appears on the arms and legs.
Eczema is more common in people with a personal history of asthma or hay fever. It is also more common in a person who has a family history of eczema, hay fever, or other respiratory allergies.
Flare-ups of eczema may be triggered by a number of factors, this may vary from one person to another:
Progression of symptoms may be decreased by avoiding the triggering factors mentioned above.
Topical steroid ointments and oral steroids can cause further irritation of the skin or secondary skin conditions. In the long-term they can cause thinning of the skin . Antibiotics can cause a number of different side-effects depending on which one the is used. Antihistamines may cause drowsiness